Research Relevant to Cranial Osteopathy: This research section preserves an archive of pages that once populated the webpage of The Osteopathic Cranial Academy. It is important that these pages be available for the general public. Individuals interested in evidence supporting Osteopathy in the Cranial Field should find substantial documentation in the pages listed below.

Introduction To Research

Research supporting Osteopathy in the Cranial Field (OCF) had been well established in the scientific literature long before William Garner Sutherland. [Read More]

CNS Motility

Motion of the central nervous system anatomy has been well documented in research studies from multiple sources mostly outside the osteopathic profession. [Read More]

CSF Fluctuation

CSF flows through the ventricles of the brain and within the spaces around the brain and spinal cord. Sutherland described this motion as fluctuant in nature. [Read More]

Dural Mobility

The existence of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord is well documented in anatomic research and utilized in medical practice. [Read More]

Cranial Bone Mobility

Cranial bone motion has been the most controversial phenomenon of the Primary Respiratory Mechanism (PRM), but there is ample evidence that the cranial bones do rhythmically move. [Read More]

Sacral Mobility

It is an anatomical fact that the sacrum moves between the ilia. It simply would not be possible for humans to walk or run if the sacral-iliac joints did not allow for motion. [Read More]

Clinical Research

The effectiveness of OCF has been consistently demonstrated in a number of clinical studies. Research has been performed on treatment of the following clinical conditions: [Read More]

Palpatory Reliability

Inter-examiner reliability studies of cranial palpation are notoriously difficult to design well, and, as a result have been inadequate in demonstrating consistent findings across examiners. [Read More]